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India Naukri

History of India

DATE:04/09/2020

Indian History If the history of India is called one of the greatest chapters of the history of the world, it cannot be called hyperbole. Describing this, India's first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru had said, "Full of contradictions but tied to strong invisible threads". Indian history is characterized by a continuous process of finding itself and constantly growing, so those who try to understand it at once find it elusive. The history of this wonderful subcontinent is about 75,000 years old and is evidenced by the human activity of Homo sapiens. It is surprising that 5,000 years ago, the inhabitants of the Indus Valley Civilization developed an urban culture based on agriculture and trade. The history of India according to the ages is as follows:

pre-historic period Stone Age: The Stone Age began from 500,000 to 200,000 years ago and the recent search in Tamil Nadu reveals the presence of human beings first in the region. Human-made weapons of 200,000 years ago have also been discovered from the northwestern part of the country. Bronze Age: The Bronze Age in the Indian subcontinent began with the Indus Valley Civilization about 3,300 BC. Apart from being a historical part of ancient India, it is one of the earliest civilizations of the world along with Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt. People of this era developed new technology in metallurgy and handicrafts and produced copper, brass, lead and tin.

Period of small states: 500 A.D.-606 A.D.: In this era, the arrival of Huanas in North India saw migration to Central Asia and Iran. The war of many dynasties in the north created many small states. Harsh Vardhan: 606 E-647 A.D.: During harsh Vardhan's reign, the famous Chinese traveller Hen Tsang visited India. Harsh Vardhan's state was divided into several smaller states by the attack of Huanas. This was the time when deccan and south became very powerful. South Rajbanshi: 500 E-750 A.D.: In this round, Chalukya, Pallava and Pandya Empires came to Panna and Parsi India. Chola Empire: 9th century E-13th century A.D.: The Chola Empire established by Vijayaus adopted the sea policy. Now the temples began to be cultural and social centres and the Dravidion language flourished. Northern Empire: 750 E-1206 A.D.: At this time, the Rashtrakuta was strong, the Antihar, Avanti and Palus ruled Bengal. The round saw the rise of Rajput clans. Temples were constructed at Khajuraho, Kancheepuram, Puri and miniature paintings began. The Turks were invaded during this period.

Mauryan Empire: The Mauryan Empire of Mauryan descendants lasted till 322-185 BC and was a geographically comprehensive and politically and military state of ancient India.

early historical period Vedic Period: Among those who attacked India were aryas earlier. He came from about 1,500 BC and brought with him a strong cultural tradition. Sanskrit was one of the oldest languages spoken by him and was also used in writing the Vedas, which are considered to be the oldest texts of the 12th BC. The Vedas are considered to be the oldest treatise after mesopotamia and Egyptian texts. The Vedic period in the subcontinent lasted till about 1,500-500 BC and laid the foundation for Hinduism and other cultural dimensions in the early

Mahajanpad: This period saw the second largest rise of urbanization after the Indus Valley Civilization in India. The word ' Maha ' means great and 'Janpad' means the basis of a population. At the end of the Vedic era, many small dynasties and states flourished throughout the subcontinent. It is also described in Buddhist and Jain literatures that are 1,000 BC old. By 500 B.C., 16 republics or say that Mahajanpada had been established, such as Kasi, Kosala, Organ, Magadha, Vajji or Vji, Malla, Chedi, Vats or Vams, Kuru, Panchla, Fish, Sursena, Asaka, Avanti, Gandhara and Kanboja. Persian and Greek conquests: Much of the subcontinent came to C. 520 BC under the rule of Darius the Great of the Persian Axmenid Empire in the northwestern region, which is currently Pakistan and Afghanistan, and lasted for nearly two centuries. In 326 B.C., Alexander conquered Asia Minor and the Axmenid Empire and then defeated King Porus on the northwestern border of the Indian subcontinent and occupied most of the territory of Punjab. Mauryan Empire: The Mauryan Empire of Mauryan descendants lasted till 322-185 BC and was a geographically comprehensive and politically and military state of ancient India. Chandragupta Maurya established it in Magadha in the subcontinent, which is Bihar in today's time, and it was very advanced under the rule of the great King Ashoka.

Events of Ancient Indian History Prehistoric times: 400,000 BC-1000 BC : This was the time when only the human who collected food discovered fire and wheel. Indus Valley Civilization: 2500 BC-1500 BC : Its name came from the Indus River and was upgraded by agriculture. The people here also worshipped natural resources. Epic Era: 1000 BC-600 BC : In this period, the Vedas were compiled and there were differences of colour like Arya and Das. Hinduism and Transformation: 600 BC-322 BC At this time, the caste system had become very strict and this was the time when Mahavir and Buddha came and revolted against casteism. During this period, the Mahajanapadas were formed and magadha came under the rule of Bimbisar, the Ajat enemy, the Shisunanga and nanda dynasties. Mauryan Period: 322 BC-185 BC : The empire, founded by Chandragupta Maurya, had the entire North India and Poinsara extended it further. After the Kalinga war during this period, King Ashoka adopted Buddhism. Invasions: 185 BC-320 A.D.: During this period, there were attacks by Baktrian, Parthian, Saka and Kushan. Central Asia open for trade, the practice of gold coins and the Saka era began. Deccan and South: 65 BC-250 A.D.: During this period, the southern part was ruled by Chola, Cher and Pandya, and at the same time the Ajanta Ellora Caves were built, Sangam literature and Christianity in India. Secret Empire: 320 A.D.-520 A.D.: In this period Chandragupta First established the Gupta Empire, the advent of the classical era in North India, the Samudragupta expanded his dynasty and Chandragupta II fought against the herb. In this era, Shakuntalam and Kama Sutra were created. Aryabhata performed wonderful work in astronomy and the Bhakti sect also emerged at this time.

मुगल साम्राज्यः फरगाना वैलर जो कि आज का उज़बेकिस्तान है, के तैमूर और चंगेज़ खान के वंशज बाबर ने सन् 1526 में खैबर दर्रे को पार किया और वहां मुगल साम्राज्य की स्थापना की, जहां आज अफगानिस्तान, पाकिस्तान, भारत और बांग्लादेश है। सन् 1600 तक मुगल वंश ने ज्यादातर भारतीय उपमहाद्वीप पर राज किया। सन् 1700 के बाद इस वंश का पतन होने लगा और आखिरकार भारत के पहले स्वतंत्रता संग्राम के समय सन् 1857 में पूरी तरह खात्मा हो गया।

Modern Indian History Colonial period: In the 16th century, European powers from Portugal, the Netherlands, France and Britain set up their trade centres in India. Later, taking advantage of internal differences, they set up their colonies. British Raj: When the British East India Company came to India in 1600, the British Rule of Queen Victoria was a sharu. It ended after India's first war of independence in 1857. Famous people of 1857: Bahadur Shah Zafar Most of the Indian insurgents chose Bahadur Shah Zafar as king of India and they came together under him. He could not even stand before the British conspiracy. His downfall ended more than three centuries old Mughal rule in India. Bakht Khan: Bakht Khan, who was a subedar in the East India Company, built an army of Rohilla soldiers. After the rebellion of soldiers in Meerut against the British in May 1857, he became the commander of the Army in Delhi. Mangal Pandey: Mangal Pandey, who is part of the 34 Bengal Native Infantry, is known for attacking a senior British officer at Barrackpore on March 29, 1857. This incident is considered to be the beginning of India's freedom struggle. Nana Sahib: Nana Sahib, the adoptive son of exiled Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao II, led the rebellion in Kanpur. Rani Lakshmibai: Along with Rani Lakshmibai Tatya Tope, fought bravely against the British soldiers. On June 17, 1858, he sacrificed his life while fighting the British near the Flower Bagh area of Gwalior. Tatya Tope: Nana Sahib's close aide and general Tatya Tope fought with Rani Lakshmibai to fight the British.

Veer Kunwar Singh: At present, the king of Jagdishpur, who is part of Bhojpur district of Bihar, led the armed forces against the British. Indian Independence Movement and Mahatma Gandhi: In the 20th century, Mahatma Gandhi led millions of people and launched a non-violent civil disobedience movement for independence in 1947. Freedom and Division: The policy of divide and rule of the British has led to a growing religious tension between Hindus and Muslims in the past few years, especially in provinces like Punjab and West Bengal. Mahatma Gandhi also appealed to both religious communities to maintain unity. After the Second World War, the British, who were reeling under a weak economy, decided to leave India, making it a way to form an interim government. After all, India and Pakistan were divided and the region was liberated in 1947 by the occupation of the British. Post-independence period: Many civilizations such as Greek, Roman and Egypt saw rise and fall. Indian civilization and culture remained untouched. There were many attacks on this country, many empires came and ruled different parts, but the indomitable soul of India was not defeated. Today, India is seen in the world as the world's largest democracy and the most vibrant republic. It is an emerging global superpower and an influential country in South Asia. India is the second largest country in Asia and the seventh largest in the world and the second largest country as a population. It has one-third of Asia and the seventh part of mankind.

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