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Career in Paramilitary Forces – Check Selection Process, Pay Scale, Job Scope

DATE:10/10/2020

Career in Paramilitary Forces – Inspired by the men in uniforms who fearlessly defend India’s honour in various parts of the country? If your answer is ‘yes’, then you must check what paramilitary forces have on offer. With increasing concern for domestic security, there are a lot more opportunities open for joining the paramilitary forces. A paramilitary organization refers to a semi-militarized force with the organizational structure, tactics, training, subculture, and function similar to that of a professional military, however, is not formally a part of the country’s armed forces. Paramilitary forces come under the control of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA; hence, a career in paramilitary forces can be lucrative.

Indian Coast Guards – A branch of Indian Armed Forces, the Indian Coast Guard (ICG) mission is to protect India’s maritime interests and maritime law enforcement with jurisdiction over both international as well as territorial waters. ICG was established on August 18, 1978, as an armed force of the Union under the Coast Guard Act, 1978. The paramilitary force operates under the Ministry of Defence. Special Frontier Forces – Paramilitary forces in India include the Special Frontier Force (SFF) which was conceived before the Sino-Indian war period as a guerrilla force. Primarily, the Special Frontier Force is composed of Tibetan refugees whose goal was to conduct covert operations behind Chinese lines in case of war between China and India. The SFF is also addressed as ‘Establishment 22’

– Border Security Force (BSF) – Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) – Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) – Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) – Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)

A person who desires to get a job in paramilitary forces is required to appear for the recruitment exam conducted for Assam Rifles, Indian Coast Guards and Special Frontier Forces. For a career in paramilitary forces, one is required to clear a set of the selection process depending upon the post for recruitment. Recruitment exam can be taken right after the clearing graduation level exam. Let’s take a quick look at how one can make it to a career in paramilitary forces and what the job entails.

What are the Paramilitary Forces? Semi-militarized forces having the organizational structure, training, subculture, and sometimes function similar to that of a professional military, however, is not formally a part of a country’s armed forces known as the paramilitary forces. Paramilitary isn’t a military force, however, it is usually considered equivalent to a military’s light infantry force in terms of firepower, intensity, and organizational structure. Paramilitary might fall under the direct command of a military, despite not being part of the military having a role for the military in times of war. Different countries have adopted different definitions of paramilitary forces. Depending upon the context, some types of paramilitary forces include – Irregular military forces – The auxiliary forces of a state’s military – Some kinds of police forces – Gendarmeries – Border guards – Security forces of ambiguous military status – Militarized police forces

History of Paramilitary Forces in India Soon after the independence, Indian security forces were divided into two categories, one dealt with external affairs and the other dealt with the internal affairs of the country. Security forces dealing with internal affairs in India are termed as the paramilitary forces of India. Apart from dealing with internal security, paramilitary forces also supported defence services to secure the borders of India. The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) regulates all the paramilitary forces of India facilitating different functions and roles. India has seven forces which were considered as paramilitary forces run under the Ministry of Home Affairs, however, after March 2011 these forces were reclassified as Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) to avoid confusion. Five Central Armed Police Forces in India are as follows – Border Security Force (BSF) – Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) – Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) – Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) – Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) After March 2011, paramilitary forces of India have been properly defined. Following are the three organisation which now work as paramilitary forces in India under the control of Ministry of Home Affairs/ Ministry of Defence Assam Rifles – One of the oldest paramilitary forces formed under the British India government in 1835. Assam Rifles has seen many changes in the names of the organisation, with the initial name being Cachar Levy. Assam Rifles was the final selected name in 1917. Role of Assam Rifles is to protect the northeastern border.

Task and Duties of Assam Rifles – provision of internal security under the control of the army – border security operations – to provide aid to the civilians in times of emergency – to provide the communications, medical assistance and education in remote areas. – Can play the role of a combat force to secure rear areas if needed at the time of war. – to guard the Indo–Myanmar border

Task and Duties of Paramilitary Forces in India Candidates must know the tasks and duties to set up a career in paramilitary forces in India. Space below mentions the responsibilities and duties of paramilitary forces including Assam Rifles, Indian Coast Guards and the Special Frontier Forces. Task and Duties of Assam Rifles – provision of internal security under the control of the army – border security operations – to provide aid to the civilians in times of emergency – to provide the communications, medical assistance and education in remote areas. – Can play the role of a combat force to secure rear areas if needed at the time of war. – to guard the Indo–Myanmar border Task and Duties of Indian Coast Guard – to provide safety and protection to the artificial islands, and offshore terminals – to protect and assist the fishermen and mariners at sea – to preserve and protect the marine ecology and environment including pollution control – to assist the Department of Customs and other authorities in the anti-smuggling operations – Law enforcement in international as well as territorial waters – Collection and support of scientific data – National defence during hostilities (under the operational control of the Indian Navy) Task and Duties of Special Frontier Force – responsible for counter-terrorism duties – to conduct covert operations – training foreign military

Difference Between Indian Armed Forces, CAPF and Paramilitary Forces People in India generally have a misconception that any armed personnel is either part of the military, paramilitary, or the Central Armed Police Force. Knowing the difference between the Military, Paramilitary, and Central Armed Forces is important as most of the common people fail to differentiate various security forces of India such as CISF, INA, AFA, BSF, CRPF, NSG etc. All the three are different with a similar aim of protecting India from internal and external threats. The table below provides complete differentiation on all the three forces including Indian Armed Forces, Paramilitary Forces, and Central Armed Police Forces. IAF V/S CAPF V/S Paramilitary Forces Particulars Indian Armed Forces Central Police Forces Paramilitary Forces Organisations – Indian Army– Indian Navy– Indian Air Forces – BSF– CRPF – CISF– ITBP– SSB – Assam Rifles (AR)– Indian Coast Guard (ICG)– Special Frontier Forces (SFF) Roles Protecting the country from external threats Protection from internal threats from Left-Wing Extremism, North-East Insurgency, Ethnic Violence, etc. Protection of resources from internal threats caused by Left-Wing Extremism, North-east Insurgency, Ethnic Violence etc. Reporting Ministry of Defence (MoD) Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) AR – MHA and MoD ICG – MoD SFF – R.A.W Recruiting Exam CDS CAPF – AC – Assam Rifles Recruitments– Indian Coast Guard Exam, etc. Salary in training INR 56,100 – 1,77,500/– INR 56,100 – 1,77,500/– INR 37,000/– (approx) Educational Eligibility Any graduation or equivalent qualification Any graduation or equivalent qualification Any graduation or equivalent qualification.Career in Paramilitary Forces – Pros and Cons You must have already heard amazing facts about being in the military or paramilitary forces. However, the hard fact is that every good thing has a bad side too. Similarly, a career in paramilitary forces comes with some pros as well as cons. Space below mentions the pros and cons of having a career in paramilitary forces Pros of Career in Paramilitary Forces Job Security – Once recruited in the paramilitary forces, soldiers are rarely fired/ terminated. This is the case with every government job in India. Hence, there is a minimum risk of losing the job. Leave Quota – Paramilitary forces are entitled to annual leaves of as many as 60 days. Additionally, sick leaves and casual leaves are also a part of the leave quota. All the leaves are paid leaves. However, most of the soldiers aren’t able to consume all their leaves within the specified period Military Discounts – Many places across India provide special military discounts around the year. As a soldier, you get to travel on discounted tickets, you can also avail subsidized items in the canteen and much more. In addition to this, paramilitary officials can avail treatment in army hospitals at discounted rates, sometimes even free of cost. Retirement Benefits – If you have a career in paramilitary or military, you can get retirements earlier than any other private jobs. Apart from the early retirement, a paramilitary official is entitled to several benefits including medical facilities, army canteen facilities, life-long pension, etc Cons of Career in Paramilitary Forces Rank is always greater than age – There can be times when you have a senior who is younger in age. Hence you will have to follow the commands. You can’t quit – While joining the paramilitary forces, one needs to sign a contract for serving a specific period in service. Rigorous lifestyle – Paramilitary can require you to follow a tight schedule with regular exercises, alert duties, etc. Thus, this lifestyle can be tiring. Being away from friends and family – Sometimes a soldier is deployed far away from home, thus, he/ she needs to stay away from family and friends for a longer period, sometimes more than 12 months. Career in Paramilitary Forces – Selection Process Similar to the selection process of the army, aspirants need to go through a rigorous selection process for a career in paramilitary forces. Candidates are generally required to clear a written test followed by a fitness and medical test. Candidates qualifying all the tests will have to go through an interview followed by training. Successful trainees are then deployed under the paramilitary forces in India. However, the selection process differs across different posts, here is a quick overview of the selection process for different paramilitary forces. Selection Process for Assam Rifles 1st Round – Physical Efficiency Test 2nd Round – Written Test 3rd Round – Skill Test 4th Round – Medical Examination Selection Process for Indian Coast Guard 1st Round – Written Test 2nd Round – Physical Fitness Test 3rd Round – Medical Examination Career in Paramilitary Forces – Rank Structure As already discussed military and paramilitary are not the same, the table below mentions a comparison of ranks with the Indian army for a better understanding of the rank structures of Assam Rifles and Indian Coast Guard Rank Structure of Paramilitary Forces Assam Rifles appointments Indian Coast Guard appointments Equivalent Army ranks Director-General Director-General /Additional Director – General Lieutenant General Inspector General Inspector-General Major General Deputy Inspector General Deputy Inspector – General Brigadier Deputy Inspector General Commandant Colonel Commandant Commandant (Junior Grade) Lieutenant Colonel Second in Command Deputy Commandant Major Deputy Commandant Assistant Commandant (2 Years) Captain Assistant Commandant Assistant Commandant Lieutenant Career in Paramilitary Forces – Pay Scale Salary of a paramilitary officer differs from the level rank as well as the organisation. The table below mentions the salary for different posts of Assam Rifles and Indian Coast Guards Post Wise Pay Scale of Assam Rifles Post Name Pay Band/Scale Grade Pay MSP Cash In Hand (Approx) Subedar Major 9300 – 34800 4800 2000 Rs. 60,000 Subedar 9300 – 34800 4600 2000 Rs. 45,000 Naib Subedar 9300 – 34800 4200 2000 Rs. 40,000 Havildar 5200 – 20200 2800 2000 Rs. 35,000 Naik 5200 – 20200 2400 2000 Rs. 30,000 Lance Naik 5200 – 20200 2000 2000 Rs. 25,000 Sepoy (GD) 5200 – 20200 1800 2000 Rs. 20,000 Post Wise Pay Scale of Indian Coast Guard Post Basic Salary (Rs.) Pay Level Assistant Commandant Rs. 56,100 10 Deputy Commandant Rs. 67,700 11 Commandant (JG) Rs. 78,800 12 Commandant Rs. 1,18,500 13 Deputy Inspector General Rs. 1,31,100 13 A Inspector General Rs. 1,44,200 14 Additional Director General Rs. 1,82,200 15 Director – General Rs. 2,05,400 16 Career in Paramilitary – Skills Required Every person cannot join paramilitary forces, some might not meet the eligibility conditions, while some might not have the proper skills required to establish a career in paramilitary forces. Skills of different jobs may differ, however, general skills required to become a paramilitary officer remains the same. Space below mentions some of the important skills an aspirant of paramilitary forces must have. – the ability to communicate concisely and clearly to subordinates and superiors – excellent leadership and teamwork skills – a high level of physical fitness – near-perfect vision and colour perception is often required – determination – self-motivation – discipline – commitment to the forces – Goal/task oriented – Self awareness – Active listener – Alertness – Conflict management skills – Polite and civilized – Adaptability to any change – Readiness – Emotionally intelligent Career in Paramilitary Forces – Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) While establishing a career in paramilitary forces, candidates may come across multiple queries. Here are some of the most frequently asked questions related to a career as a paramilitary officer. Q.1 – How can I join paramilitary forces in India? A.1 – Paramilitary forces in India administer recruitment exams/ process almost every year to fill the available vacancies. The selection process of all the paramilitary forces differs from each other. However, the general selection process includes a written test followed by a medical test and training. Q.2 – Is the Border Security Force (BSF) a paramilitary force in India? A.2 – No. BSF among CISF, CRPF, ITBP and SSB are Central Armed Police Forces which are different from paramilitary forces such as Assam Rifles, Indian Coast Guards, Special Frontier Forces among others. Q.3 – What is the salary of paramilitary officers in India? A.3 – Candidates aspiring for a career in paramilitary forces, can get a remuneration depending on the force and rank. However, Assistant Commandants of paramilitary forces fall in the pay band of Rs. 1.8 lakhs per annum to Rs. 4.5 lakhs with grade pay. Q.4 – How is a career in paramilitary forces different from a career in the military? A.4 – The military consists of a country’s Army, Navy and Air Force. The paramilitary forces are Indian Coast Guard, Assam Rifles and Special Frontier Force among others. Both the career paths require similar intensity, however, the structure and roles of military and paramilitary differ from each other. Q.5 – How to check the ongoing recruitments to land a job in Indian Coast Guard? A.5 – Candidates need to visit the official recruitment website of Indian Coast Guard, i.e. joinindiancoastguard.gov.in to check the recruitment notification for the available vacancies Q.6 – Is there any common entrance test for enrolment to paramilitary forces? A.6 – No. al the paramilitary forces conduct their own recruitment process. The recruitment exams for all the organisations are usually conducted every year. Candidates need to apply for a particular force, such as Assam Rifles or Indian Coast Guard to participate in the respective selection process.

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